What is a thyroid?
Thyroid disease is a lifelong medical condition common in women of all age groups. The thyroid is a small gland located near the front of your neck below your Adam’s apple in a butterfly-shaped gland wrapped around the windpipe. It controls vital functions of your body and affects every cell in your body. Your thyroid’s job is to release and control thyroid hormones that control your metabolism. Metabolism is a process where the food you take is transformed into energy. When your thyroid gland doesn’t work it affects your whole body. Undiagnosed thyroid can be life-threatening and makes your life difficult. But with little self-care and changes in your diet, you can balance this condition and lead a happy and normal life.
Major causes of Thyroid
- One can get a Thyroid disease by birth
- It develops in women after menopause
- It can be inherited by your family
- Excess use of Iodine
- Hormone Imbalances
- Immunity issues
- Iodine deficiency / excessive iodine
Common Types of Thyroid and their symptoms
Some of the most common types of Thyroid diseases are,
When your thyroid makes excess hormones, your body uses all the energy quickly and makes you tired. Other symptoms include :
Changes in the menstrual cycle
Sensitivity towards heat
Frequent bowel movements
Swelling near the neck
If your thyroid hormone is less active then it is called hypothyroidism. It is caused when your body doesn’t produce enough hormones. The common symptoms of Hypothyroidism are,
Increased sensitivity to cold
Slower heart rate
Enlarged thyroid gland
Pain in joints
Swelling in joints
Changes in cholesterol levels
Few tips to heal your Thyroid
The thyroid can be a lifelong problem. But with a better diet and exercise, you can balance your thyroid condition. Some diet tips which can help your thyroid condition are,
Food for Hyperthyroidism :
Fruits are rich in Vitamins and minerals. Fruits get digested easily in our body providing energy and nutrients. It is better to eat fruits once in 2 to 3 hours. They contain antioxidants that purify your blood flow.
Vegetables are rich in fiber. It fibers down easily in your body. People with hypothyroidism often feel hungry and eat frequently. So, vegetables provide you with the necessary vitamins and minerals and make your stomach full.
Soy chunks are a rich source of proteins, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They are good at building muscle mass. It helps to build your appetite.
Brown rice is a rich source of proteins, vitamins, and minerals. It helps you fight Hyperthyroidism.
They are a very good source of dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. They fight against hyperthyroidism.
Note: It is better to avoid iodized salt, fried and salty food, processed meat, and dairy products when you have hyperthyroidism.
Food for Hypothyroidism :
If you have hypothyroidism it is recommended to take eggs for breakfast. They are rich in proteins and fat-soluble vitamins. Eggs also boost iodine levels in your body.
Low-fat dairy products like yogurt, cheese, low-fat milk are good for your body if you have hypothyroidism. They increase iodine levels in your body.
Brazil nuts or Roasted Hazelnuts
They are rich in selenium and help you convert inactive thyroid hormones
to active ones and improve your thyroid gland.
Olive oil is rich in fats and is used to prepare meals for the hypothyroid diet. It lowers your cholesterol and keeps you healthy.
Hypothyroidism often causes iodine deficiency in your body. Lack of Iodine can be the reason for Hypothyroidism. Add iodized salt to your food to improve Iodine levels and balance your diet.
Note: It is recommended to avoid Broccoli, Soy, Spinach, Cabbage, Brussel Sprouts when you have Hypothyroidism.
Exercise is essential for the thyroid. You don’t have to stop exercising if you have a thyroid condition. You can balance your thyroid with regular exercise like walking, Yoga, Stair climbing, Hiking, dancing, swimming, Tai chi, Cycling, Indoor Cycling, water aerobics can control your mood problems, weight problems, and trouble sleeping. These exercises not only make your body fit but also keep you healthy.
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